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Інформаційний майданчик Порталу журналістів  працює!

У Києві відбувся запуск "живого" інформаційного майданчика Порталу журналістів України

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About Kyiv

     Kiev - ancient Russian city, the capital and largest city of Ukraine, a city-hero. Located on the Dnepr River. Is the administrative, political, historical, cultural and spiritual center of the state.


     Kiev will fascinate anyone who first set foot on its centuries-old ground, visiting old churches, will visit the protected mountains, pass the old streets and feel the breath of the ancient capital of Ukraine, the friendliness and hospitality of its inhabitants.


      According to one legend, which Nestor the Chronicler wrote in his "Tale of Bygone Years", the city name comes from the name Kiya - the eldest of three brothers who, according to legend, are considered the founders of Kiev.


      A place for the city was well chosen - high slopes of the Dnieper is a good protection against the raids of nomadic tribes. In 882, Prince Oleg of Novgorod, captured the Kiev and made it the capital of the powerful princely state of Ancient, the cradle of three fraternal peoples - Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian.


Help on Kiev:
 Founded in Kiev - 482 (close to the real, but somewhat arbitrary and adopted for convenience, in 1982 the city celebrated its 1500 year anniversary)
Languages - Ukrainian (official) and Russian
National currency - hryvnia, penny
Church - separated from the state. Under the Constitution, all citizens of Ukraine have the right to freedom of religion. Most of the faithful people of Kiev - Orthodox Christians, but there are also Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Muslims and representatives of other religions and denominations
The area of Kiev - 827 square kilometers, the length along the Dnieper - more than 20 miles
The population of Kiev - 2 million 640 thousand people
The city territory is divided into 10 administrative units - districts:
The right bank of the Dnieper:
  Shevchenko
  Crypt
  Podolsky
  Obolonskyi
  Svyatoshinsky
  Solomensky
  Goloseevsky
The left bank of the Dnieper:
  Desnyanskiy
  Dnipro
  Darnytskyi.


Coat of arms of Kiev - the first known scientist emblem, XV century, was the bow and two arrows. In 1782 the town received a new coat of arms depicting the Archangel Michael. Archangel - in a short tunic, with a halo around the head with a sword in the right-hand and shield in his left hand. In 1919, this emblem was abolished by the Bolshevik government. And only 50 years later, in 1969, a new coat of arms. The basis of his images lay board of the Slavic form. Top - the hammer and sickle at the bottom - the medal "Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union (Kiev has the status of the city-hero). On the red-blue shield, which reflects the color of the then Flag of Ukraine, the top was the inscription "Kyiv". The center housed a stylized flowering branch of chestnut, crossed by ancient Slavic weapon - onions (despite the fact that the chestnuts come from France, in Kiev, the trees have really found their second homeland),. After Ukraine gained independence Kiev returned a coat of arms depicting the Archangel Michael. (Archangel Michael and St. Sophia considered patron of the city)


 Geography of Kiev. Kiev is situated in the northern part of Ukraine, on the border of forest-steppe zone and mixing zone forests in the middle reaches of the Dnieper (below mouth of the gums) on both its banks.


Relief of Kiev.
Kiev relief represented lowland forms: on the Left Bank - Pridneprovskaya nisin, on the right bank in the northern part - the Polesie lowland, in the southern part - Pridneprovskaya hill. High right bank of the Dnieper near Kiev has spurs Pridneprovskaya hill. This elevation of the plateau called Kiev (in French "plateau" means "flat"). It is cut thickly ravines. The terrain then rises, forming a series of individual heights, then descends to the level of the valley of the Dnieper. Nayvysshie point (106 meters) above the Dnieper lie in the eastern part of the city, in Pechersk region. Dnipro and its tributaries (Desna, Pripyat, Berezina, Pochajna, Glubochitsa, Kyianka and Lybed) has long played an important role in the economic and political life of the people of the Middle Dnieper. The territory of modern Kiev as if the key the rear shirokorazvetvlennuyu system of river routes, known as "the way of the Vikings to the Greeks. It is crossed by important trade routes. On all sides surrounded by natural boundaries Kiev, which made the city virtually impregnable to enemies. Finally, Ukraine has a first-class river port - the river Pochajna.


Economy
Concentrated in Kyiv powerful economic potential, which consists of a multi-industry, the development of industries and utilities, vehicles, communication systems, etc. In Kiev operated 350 large industrial enterprises, which are self-balancing, as well as thousands of small and joint ventures, building organizations, transportation, communications, etc.


Science
The capital of Ukraine is one of the largest scientific centers in Europe. In Kiev, placed the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and most of its institutions, many of whom are world-famous scientific schools. In the city there are 269 research and 42 engineering organizations, as well as 17 major universities in Ukraine. In Kiev, operates 439 schools, 98 hospitals and 274 outpatient clinics.


Culture
The capital of Ukraine has a great cultural potential, which includes 32 museums, 33 theaters, 116 cinemas, a large number of permanent art exhibitions. The most famous museums: the National History Museum, Museum of Ukrainian Fine Art, Museum of Western and Oriental Art. On the territory of Kiev is located 2,093 objects that relate to the attractions of history, culture and architecture.


Transport
Economic Development in Kiev promotes its position at the crossroads of numerous transport: water, rail, road, air. Geography of Kiev provides great opportunities for the development of foreign economic relations. Through Kiev are important trans-European motorway values.


River transport
Location of the city on one of the largest in Europe navigable waterways - p. Dnipro - enables the development of river transport. Kiev - one of the largest in Eastern Europe mechanized river ports with modern loaders, cranes and other equipment. The confluence of the Dnieper to the Black Sea provides an opportunity to freight and passenger transport


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